Below are the things that we can do in the household level to reduce the climate change for our greener world as the continuation of previous article here.
showering instead of bathing
Prefer a shower over the full bath and do not shower longer than necessary.
Turn off the tap
Turn off the tap while brushing your teeth, for example. You should also fix dripping taps.
Install the low-pressure shower head
If you install a low-pressure shower head in your shower, you will limit your hot water consumption. This saves you more than half the energy.
Install the single-lever mixer
Use single-lever mixers for the kitchen and bathroom. You can set the desired temperature faster and save water.
Flush stop button for the toilet
Use a flush stop or economy button to reduce water consumption. Also, make sure that the cistern drain is properly sealed.
Wash at low temperature
Washing clothes at 90 degrees is usually unnecessary these days. In most cases, 40 degrees is sufficient. You save more energy if you do not prewash.
Fill the washing machine drum completely
You should use the volume of the washing machine drum. Less laundry in the drum means more wash cycles and therefore more energy consumption.
Avoid the dryer
Avoid a tumble dryer. The device uses more electricity than the washing machine. Instead, dry the laundry in the laundry room or in the fresh air.
Seal doors and windows
Sealing windows and doors prevent heat from escaping to the outside and require more heating.
Turn down the heating at night
The heating should not be fully turned on at night, but also not switched off. Otherwise, it needs a lot of energy the next day to restore the temperature.
Do not open the heating fully
Avoid running the heater at full speed. With just one degree less room temperature, you can significantly reduce heating costs and energy consumption.
Do not cover the radiator
Do not place furniture in front of the radiators and do not cover them with curtains. These barriers prevent the flow of heat into the room and thus increase heating costs.
Close shutters and curtains at night
With the low outside temperatures at night, most of the heat is lost through the windows. If you close shutters, curtains, and shutters, you can already contain this heat loss by a few percents.
In winter you shouldn’t tilt the windows. Instead, open the windows completely for a few minutes. This way you avoid that too much heat escapes.
Maintain heating regularly
Just before the cold season begins, you should have your heating system serviced by a specialist.
If you have windows with single glazing, replace them with double glazing. The insulation effect keeps the heat in the room and thus saves part of the heating.
Even a room temperature higher by one degree Celsius increases the energy consumption of a heating system by five to six percent. Thermostatic valves that automatically reduce the heating when the desired room temperature is reached should therefore not be missing on any radiator. Programmable electronic thermostatic valves are even better because they are more precise. So you can save additional costs as a tenant. For example, the room temperature can be lowered automatically on workdays when everyone is at work or at school, or even at night. And at the end of the day, at the end of school or in the morning when you get up, the apartment is pleasantly warm again. Replacing the valves is very easy: just unscrew the old thermostatic valves and screw on the new ones. When moving, you can replace the new valves with the old ones and take them with you.
Pay attention to energy consumption when purchasing new electrical appliances
Shop smart – save energy and costs: Are you about to make a new purchase? Whether a new refrigerator, washing machine or television, consider shopping efficiently. This means that not only the purchase price is compared, but also the follow-up costs are included in the evaluation, for example for electricity, water and detergent consumption for washing machines or for taxes, insurance, loss of value and fuel consumption for cars. Keep in mind the recommendations for ecological top products with high quality and a good price-performance ratio.
Get a dishwasher
A properly used dishwasher is more efficient than washing by hand.
Insulate the house
With better house insulation, you prevent that too much heat escapes from your four walls. You can not only save energy, but also enormous costs. Let experts advise you on this.
Reduce heating requirements, modernize heating
The best way to save energy is with a new heater. When it comes to investing, the state is helping out with support programs. An energy consultant will help you analyze your current energy consumption and develop an individual plan for optimizing the heat consumption. The investment pays for itself quickly due to the fuel costs saved. In addition to modern and efficient condensing boilers, there are also alternatives such as geothermal heating or pellets that are pressed from small pieces of wood.
Use solar energy
Solar collectors on the roof are particularly worthwhile as a supplement to heating and water heating. They can cover up to half of the annual heat requirement, and even more for houses based on the low-energy standard. On the other hand, photovoltaic systems are suitable for generating electricity, which you are paid for when fed into the public grid. With rising electricity prices, the self-consumption of electricity from photovoltaics is becoming increasingly important. The feed-in tariff, on the other hand, is playing an ever smaller role as it is constantly being reduced. Technical aids can increase the self-consumption of solar power. This includes electricity storage or targeted consumption control using a heat pump. The power grids can also be relieved through increased self-consumption.
Swap desktop PC for notebook
Here it depends on what you use the PC for. Notebooks are often just as powerful as large computers and are much more energy-efficient.
Turn off the monitor
Turn off the monitor when you don’t need it, instead of running the screen saver. Graphic screensavers require a lot of energy.
Turn off the printer and scanner
Also, turn off printers and scanners when you do not need the devices. Otherwise, laser printers, in particular, can consume electricity unnoticed in standby mode.
Limit paper consumption
Before printing documents, consider whether this is really necessary.
General household energy consumption
Energy saving and LED lamps
Light bulbs with tungsten filament as the illuminant consume five times as much electricity as energy-saving lamps with the same brightness. The widespread use of energy-saving lamps, therefore, offers enormous potential for reducing carbon dioxide emissions. Consumers could also save a lot of money. The life of an energy-saving lamp lasts between 5000 and 15,000 hours compared to only 1000 for a light bulb. Despite the initial higher purchase price, the purchase pays off. However, energy-saving lamps contain mercury. There is now a good alternative with LED technology: These LEDs save electricity and usually last much longer, but are also more expensive. For places where the light is on for a long time, they are the first choice.
Switch off unnecessary lamps
Often more light burns than necessary. Just switch it off.
Switch off electrical appliances
TV, DVD and similar devices should be switched off not only by remote control but completely. Otherwise, they continue to consume electricity in standby mode. It is best to buy a power strip that can be switched off – this way you can be sure that the devices do not consume energy unnecessarily.
Empty the batteries
Before you charge battery-powered devices such as cell phones or electric toothbrushes, they should be almost empty. Because even if you connect them to the mains with a full battery, they will continue to draw power.
Buy rechargeable batteries
Instead of one-time-use batteries, buy batteries that you can recharge with a charger.
Only switch on the dishwasher when it is full
Just like the washing machine, you should only switch on the dishwasher when it is really full.
Let the dishwasher run in energy-saving mode
If you run the dishwasher in energy-saving mode, the consumption is much lower.
Do not use electrical or motor-driven devices when gardening
Avoid unnecessary devices when gardening, which often do not cause noise, but also emit pollutants when running on petrol.
Recycling is still an important issue. The recycling of raw materials saves energy as well as the raw materials themselves. Therefore: separate garbage!
Use bicycles and public transport
The deliberate choice of means of transport also contributes to climate protection: leave the car behind for short distances and switch to bicycles or public transport, check the local and long-distance rail services for further distances.
Aircraft continue to emit a large amount of pollutants. Domestic flights, in particular, can often be avoided. But also for long-distance trips, the train and even coaches are the more environmentally-friendly choice.
For inevitable flights: Atmosfair
In the case of unavoidable flights, there is the option to calculate and offset the resulting emissions. You pay voluntarily for the greenhouse gases caused by your flight. The money is invested, for example, in solar, hydropower, biomass or energy-saving projects in developing countries in order to save a lot of greenhouse gases there that have a climate impact comparable to the emissions from aircraft. Your money helps make these projects possible.
Do you know colleagues who work the same way as you? Talk to them about a carpool. Carpooling saves you fuel and money, and you and your colleagues can take turns driving. In addition, the way to work together with nice work colleagues is much more entertaining.
Drive at low speed
Shift ahead of time and give more gas and always drive in the highest possible gear. As a rule, you can engage the third gear at 30, the fourth at 40 and the fifth at 50. Low-speed driving does no harm to the engine, on the contrary, wear is reduced.
Do not let the engine run warm
Do not let your engine run warm – start driving immediately after starting and switch to second gear after just one car length.
Do not race on the highway – at a speed of over 100 km / h, fuel consumption increases disproportionately. A steady travel speed between 100 and 130 kilometers per hour also avoids frequent braking and acceleration and thus saves twice.
Go downhill from the gas
Go downhill from the gas. If you become too slow due to the braking effect of the engine, shift into the next gear and use the momentum as long as possible.
Switch off the engine
Switch off the engine not only at level crossings but also when there are long waiting times at the traffic lights. This saves you fuel at the latest from 30 seconds. (Attention: Never switch off the engine while driving!)
Use power guzzlers moderately
The more the alternator is loaded by electrical consumers, the higher the fuel consumption. One of the biggest energy guzzlers is the air conditioning system, which increases consumption by up to two liters per 100 kilometers. The rear window heater is often forgotten. The “consumes” around 0.1 liters of fuel per hour. Converted to urban traffic, that’s 0.3 to 0.4 liters per 100 kilometers.
Clear out your trunk and shed excess weight.
Check tire pressure
Check your tire pressure regularly. Use the recommended pressure for a full load.
Use low-friction oil and tires
Use synthetic low-friction oil the next time you change the oil, and low-friction tire the next time you change tires.
The right choice when buying a car
When buying a new car, pay attention to fuel consumption and emission values , and take your living circumstances into account. If you live in the city and often drive short distances, a different vehicle is suitable for you than for long-distance drivers. For families, natural gas vehicles are worthwhile because they are particularly cheap to consume and emit fewer pollutants.
Use car-sharing instead of your own car
You should always ask yourself a basic question: Do you really need your own car? A car is often unnecessary or even a hindrance in everyday life – those who live in a big city know that it is often faster and easier to get to their destination by public transport. So if you only need a car every now and then, for example, to do major shopping or go into the countryside, you can register for car sharing. Once registered, you can quickly and easily rent a car at any time – completely unbureaucratically. A list of car-sharing providers can be found on the website.
Make climate protection a topic
Talk to neighbors, friends, and relatives about this: You should not act as a dogmatic climate savior or moral apostle. But as flat as it sounds, we have to talk more about what we can do for climate protection and why. Public appeals and reports via the media do not reach the attention and effectiveness like convincing people from our personal environment.
Make your children aware early on that it is important to save energy.
Get involved in environmental groups
Together for the climate: Join an environmental protection association and get involved with other people for climate, nature, and environmental protection.
Give space to nature
Nature has to adapt to climate change. You can help her by creating space for it, niches, retreat rooms, and stepping stones that can also be created by a near-natural garden.