<script data-ad-client="ca-pub-8251586788600095" async src="https://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/js/adsbygoogle.js"></script>
What is it and how to build a greenhouse?
There is no real recognized academic definition. We can say, however, that the greenhouse is a welcoming and comfortable building, which consumes the least amount of energy possible, even less than what it produces, and which minimizes waste and environmental impact. An ecological house is, therefore, a home designed, built, and furnished in such a way as to favor the choice of natural materials, energy efficiency, the reduction of consumption, the use of renewable energy, and increasingly intelligent appliances.
An eco-sustainable house is designed to guarantee a rational use of resources. Management and automation systems for energy saving cannot be missing, as well as systems for electric self – production.
Today the costs of building a sustainable home are much more accessible than a few years ago, thanks to the spread of increasingly innovative materials and greater environmental awareness.
Characteristics of the ecological house
When we talk about a sustainable home, we refer to a home that embodies the good principles of green building. We are talking about a building in which the inhabitants take on an environmentally friendly attitude. Here are some of the features:
Choice of materials
Experts inform that for the insulation of an ecological house it is necessary to prefer materials of natural origin such as riax wool, cork, or mineral wool. In addition, ancient materials such as hemp, lime, and clay are returning to popularity: natural and capable of offering extremely high performance. Obviously, certified, quality material produced by qualified companies must be preferred.
An accurate choice of efficient and environmentally friendly building materials avoids thermal bridges. Indeed, floors, walls and roofs play an important role in the energy performance of buildings. Each material influences the acoustic performance, thermal inertia, and the ability to circulate air through the building. Furthermore, the choice must take into account their environmental impact.
· Heating and cooling
To be defined sustainable, a home must be well insulated and free from heat loss. It is well known that houses without insulation lead to higher costs for heating and air conditioning. The insulation allows you to drastically reduce energy consumption.
To maximize natural heating, the living spaces must be oriented towards the south, in order to capture as much light and heat as possible in winter.
Much of the principles of sustainable architecture focus on ensuring good insulation to lower the energy needs of the entire building structure. The construction materials and the presence of a suitably designed building envelope are of fundamental importance in this sector. Among the most common systems that allow you to save money and protect the environment, there is underfloor heating: it is easy to install and provides very low costs, both for the realization and for the maintenance allowing to distribute the hot air in a uniform for all environments.
· Household appliances and ad hoc lighting
Lighting equals 20% of the world’s electricity consumption. LED lamps, although more expensive than halogen ones or normal bulbs, last up to 10 times longer and consume much less. Who lives in a sustainable home can contribute to the cause by turning off the bulbs that are not needed. To save further you can rely on home automation, with timers or sensors that regulate the switching on and off of lamps.
In a greenhouse, it is essential to save the water used to meet the needs of its inhabitants: not only domestic hot water but also water for the use of appliances and for the irrigation of green spaces.
Technologies favoring water saving are preferred, for example by providing for the reuse of rainwater or white water for garden irrigation.
How much does it cost to build an ecological house?
The costs of building an ecological house are obviously above average. This is determined both by the quality of the materials chosen and by the type of workers to whom we will have to rely on, more qualified and better prepared to achieve our goal: an environmentally friendly house. It must be taken into account that the initial investment will be amortized in a few years. Thanks to the better energy performance of what we could also consider a house with (almost) zero impact.